new physics we learned in astro 

behavior
of light 
Kirchhoff�s
laws 
what kind
of spectrum (continuous, brightline, darkline) comes from what state
of matter 

blackbody
laws 
Wien�s ( l_{max
flux} = constant/T Stefan�s
(surface flux = s T^{4}) blackbody
curve shapes 

interference 
n l = d sin q 

Doppler
effect (shifting
and broadening) 
Dl/l =
v(radial)/c 






angular
physics 
angular
size, velocity, and acceleration 


angular
momentum & conservation 
L = Iw for an extended particle L = mvr for a point particle 

torque 




quantum
physics 
Bohr model of
the atom; quantization of energy levels 

Heisenberg
uncertainty principle: why fusion can occur in the sun; how degenerate matter acquires high speeds to produce high pressure 


Pauli
exclusion principle 
the
behavior of degenerate matter 

nuclear
physics 
mass
energy 
mc^{2} 
particle
physics 
conservation
laws 
new: baryon number, lepton numbers, angular momentum 



fluids 
Pascal�s
principle 
P = r g h 

Archimedes�
principle 
buoyant
force = weight of fluid displaced 

ideal gas
law 
P = n k T 



temperature
and energy transfer 
avg KE/particle 
3/2 k T 

energy
transfer methods 
convection photon
diffusion (random walk) 



gravitation 
grav
energy of two point masses 
 G M m/d 

grav
energy of a spherical cloud 
 G M^{2}/R 



Newton's
version of Kepler's 3rd law 
(m_{1 }+ m_{2)} P^{2 }= (4p^{2}/G)(a_{1} + a_{2})^{3}  